9.2  Research and development


In order to increase the specific condensing capacity (Q/m3) of future plant designs, research and development work is being carried out to achieve a better understanding of the thermal performance of steam condensers, and hence improve the overall heat transfer coefficient (U).

Two areas where such work is being conducted, include the layout of tubes in the tubenest, and the thermal performance properties of the tubing.

      9.2.1  Tubenest layout

      9.2.2  Thermal performance properties of tubing


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