7 Operational life limiting constraints
The main constraints which limit the operational life of a condenser are summarised under the following headings:
- Condenser air inleakage.
- Cooling water inleakage.
- Condenser fouling and cleaning.
An awareness of these problems at the design stage can significantly reduce lifetime running costs and maintenance costs. Operational experience of the various techniques employed for each of the three constraints listed are now discussed.